Sarojini Naidu was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad to a Bengali family. He started writing poems from a very young age. She later moved to England for her higher education to study at King's College and Cambridge. Thus, his birth anniversary is celebrated on 13 February every year.
Sarojini Naidu fought against women's rights as well as British colonialism in India. She came to be known as 'Nightingale of India' from that day on.
Political contributions of Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu joined the Indian independence movement in the wake of the partition of Bengal in 1905. Between 1915 and 1918, he traveled to different regions of India to deliver lectures on social welfare and nationalism.
Sarojini Naidu also helped to establish the Women's Union of India in 1917. In 1920, she joined the Satyagraha movement of Mahatma Gandhi. He then participated in the 1930 Salt March and was arrested for doing so along with several other prominent leaders.
She was one of the important personalities who led the Quit India Movement along with the Civil Disobedience Movement. Despite being arrested several times, she continued to fight for India's independence. When India finally achieved independence, she was appointed the Governor of the United Provinces, making her the first woman governor of India.
Written works of Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu started writing from a very young age. While she was in school, she wrote a play in Persian called Maher Munir, which was also praised by the Nizam of Hyderabad. He published his first poetry collection in 1905, called The Golden Threshold.
The poets written by him are praised till date. He has written children's poems as well as poems of a critical nature, on subjects such as patriotism, tragedy and romance. His work also received praise from many politicians.
In 1912, he published another collection of poems titled The Bird of Time: Songs of, Death and the Spring, including his most famous poem, The Buzzers of Hyderabad. The poem was praised by critics for its excellent imagination. After his death, his collection The Feather of the Dawn was published by his daughter on his memory.
Sarojini Naidu died of cardiac arrest on 2 March 1949 in Lucknow. Many philosophers such as Aldous Huxley have praised him as a poet as well as an activist.
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